In 2000, an amendment was made to the Battered Immigrant Women’s Protection Act that allows spouses of abusive US citizens or LPRs to petition on behalf of themselves. This new documentation acknowledged that abusers frequently used immigration status as a way to blackmail their victims into compliance. Form I-360 specifically references women, but it is also applicable to men. The Act indicates that immigrants who demonstrate that they have been abused or subjected to extreme cruelty by their spouses may act as their own petitioners to obtain visas without the consent of or assistance from their abusive spouses.The Violence Against Women Act also indicates that non-citizens who are married to or recently divorced from US Citizens or LPRs may also petition on behalf of themselves, without the knowledge of their abusers, to become green card holders. And, minor children, who have been abused or cruelly treated by their parent with citizenship or LPR status, also have similar rights since their immigration status applications would otherwise depend on the assistance of the abusers.